Museums and exhibition spaces

Milán. Italia

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Spanish Pavilion at the Expo Milano 2015

B720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos

Description Technical file

The national pavilions of the universal exhibitions are a showcase for the commercial values and strategies of each country. In the case of the Spanish Pavilion project, the main strategies can be summarised by a series of basic concepts: the fusion of tradition and innovation, the architecture of agricultural production as a point of reference, and energy efficiency.

The extraordinary national chain of food production is a point of reference for international markets and kitchens. Part of its success is due to a combination of tradition and innovation, which the architecture of the pavilion also aims to transmit through a composition which is structured as two identical halls which differ in the materials used in their finishes.

The first hall represents tradition. Its perimeter consists of a repetitive series of gantries which, as well as acting as structural supports, generate a type of wooden lattice which defines the space and filters its relationship with the surroundings. The finishes of the containers within is reminiscent of traditional gastronomical culture: the staves of barrels where wine is matured, the esparto mats used to press oil and the cork used for bottling, an industry in which Spain is one of the largest worldwide producers.

The second hall is related to innovation. Its geometry and structure is identical to the first one, but in this case the gantries are cladded in polished stainless steel, erasing the boundaries of the pavilion with its flashes and reflections, and evoking the sophisticated and complex atmosphere of high technology. Inside, the finishes of the partitions are resolved with metallic sheets with a smooth, coloured and glossy finish, with textures which are reminiscent of some of the most easily recognisable Spanish products, such as wine and oil.

One of the main requirements for structures at the Universal Expo 2015 Milan is the reduction of environmental impact. In buildings with a conventional operating lifespan, the main environmental impact stems from the energy resources invested in the service phase of the building. In the case of pavilions, however, the usage period is very short and the main impact can correspond to the material resources used in its construction. It is for this reason that the special attention has been paid to the constructive resolution of the Spanish Pavilion. The main strategies employed to this end have been to prioritise the usage of renewable materials, in the form of products manufactured using pre-industrial techniques.

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Localización Location: Milán, Italy. Arquitectos Architects: b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos: Fermín Vázquez, Peco Mulet, Albert Freixes, Eduardo Varas, Caterina Dominioni, Alberto Garcia, Alejandro García, Valerio Decrecchio, Gemma Ojea, Pablo Garrido, Iván Arellano, Javier Artieda, Zelia Alves, David Sebastián, Elisabeth Usón, Julita Jaskulska, Ourania Pappa, Annie Michaelides, Daniel Quadfielg. Colaboradores Collaborators: Pulgón Diseño / Manuel Artiz y Kike de la Peña (Contenido expositivo), Antoni Miralda (intervención artística), Miguel Nevado (estructuras), K2 Consulting S.L. (instalaciones), Artec 3 (iluminación) y Manel Colominas (paisajismo). Dirección de obra Construction management: Emmanuele Fulvi, Fabrizio Ruiu, Francesca Battisti, Roberto Gerardo, Davide Arrigoni, Marta Rovelli y Gabriele Nizzi. Colaboradores dirección de obra Collaborators construction management: Montserrat Mena, Ana Nogues, Carlos Pardo, Samuel Perez, Angelo Ruocco y Xavier Sanchís. Promotor Promotor: Acción Cultural Española AC/E. Constructora General Contractor: Empty S.L. Superficie construida Built area: 2.341m². Año proyecto Project date: 2014-2015. Ejecución Completion: 2015. Fotografía Photography: Adrià Goula
Fermín Vázquez
b720 Arquitectos
Adrià Goula